One of the most up to date issues is waste disposal. We consume a lot, we do recycle, but we don’t know where to dispose organic waste. We haven’t got enough places. Most landfills are full, they are starting to close, and provinces such as ‘Guipuzcoa’ have to pay other provinces for using their dumps.
A possible and currently household issue is waste incineration. Governments defend it, because it is the ‘best’ and quickest solution. It reduces waste volumen to 90-95%, in the case of compressed garbage. Otherwise, it will reduce to 70%. New developed incinerators are incorporated with energy recovery as the incineration process obtains heat. Although, might only be useful over a 20% of this recovered energy.
Incineration, emits flue gasses and hazardous substances such as dioxins and heavy metals, which are difficult to destroy. All of which, are serious trouble to mankind and also for the environment. Living around of any,are thought to be harmful and increase risks of suffer from certain cancers. For the good of all, are being designed new incinerators capable of removing flue gasses from the emissions. Incinerators are also very expensive and do not support huge amounts of trash at a time. Moreover, there are different kinds of waste therefore different kind of incinerators are needed.
In San Sebastian there is a proyect for building up one. However, the idea is still in the air, because the new city council paralised the proyect. Even though a year ago it was asigned the company incharged of the proyect. The city is living a time of uncertainty. Many proyects are waiting for an approval. For sure, this one needs a quick but sensible answer. It must be environmentally friendly and safe for humans above all.
After Canada’s resignation and Russia and Japan also in such mood, the second commitment of the “Kyoto Protocol” is in serious trouble. USA opposed to sign in 2001 due to China and India, two of the most polluting countries, were allowed not to reach the agreed terms, because they are taken as countries on ways of industrialisation. On the United States’ manifestations it is notoriously reflected an economic issue, because those two countries are a threat to the world’s strongest economy. On the other hand, Europe will only sign the second commitment if USA and China show they are serious on major cuts on the following years. Moreover, Canada left the ship due to the USA’s resignation and China’s allowance to make a lighter effort.
However, China who is ‘seriously’ involved on the treaty effusively asks for a second commitment. It is true, that if we leave this issue behind everyone will make whatever they want. We have reached a point where we can’t look back, otherwise, we will be condemnig ourselves to ‘suicide’. We need to continue fighting for a better world, a GREEN world. Perhaps we should make a NEW agreement as Canada said when leaving. One that should involve every developed country on the world, including India and China. Like this, everyone will be satisfied. Now that it seems “The Kyoto Protocol” to be a failure, who is making the move? We need more DRASTIC action. WHAT’S NEXT?
Deforestation is responsible for about a fifth of the world’s CO2 emissions, it is even more than what the whole world’s transport sector emits! It is for sure, that we must act on behalf of the Earth. Tropical forests just cover about 7% of the land surface and it is vital for biodiversity. Without them many animals and even indigenous people would extinct.
Greenpeace is trying to involucrate the “Kyoto Protocol” on this issue by handling a proposal for the second commitment period (2020). Countries should start taking part on this global problem. We should protect forests, we should start regrowth on abandoned lands and we should recycle paper so that we could reduce wood-cutting and logging.
The Brazilian Amazon, the world’s greatest natural resource, is being destroyed. However, the Brazilian government is taking terms on it and has increased his control on rainforests in order to reduce illegal logging. They have invested on technology (satellites) more forest-guards, more police vigilance and so forth… for having more management on this matter. Results haven’t waited to come and from 2009 to 2010, deforestation was reduced by a 14%. A brazilian engineer has invented a microchip to be added on the base of the trees so it is easier to know where does the wood come from, if it is from a sustainable parcel or it has been ilegally logged.
Still there is mad people that every summer not just in Spain, but on other countries (mostly Mediterranean), provoque fires and destroy green-lands and its fauna and flora. Thanks to the police work many of them end in jail.
From this site we give you some tips to prevent fires:
-Do not throw cigars to the ground.
-Do not live plastics such as water bottles, plastic bags…
-Do not make fires on droughted grounds when camping.
In the protocol they tried to apply some iniciatives to reduce the emission of gases such as CO2, one of the most harmful gases for the Ozone layer. The CO2 is principally emitted by transport vehicles, tertiary sector (domestic and services) and the electric sector.
On 2011, there were more than 1,000,000,000 vehicles!! on the whole world. “The OCDE expects that by 2050 there would be 2,5 billion vehicles!” Nowadays, transportation accounts for 23% of the world’s greenhouse-gas emissions.
There needs to be a quick solution for this, because each vehicle uses fossil fuels, which are in ways of extintion, and with renewable energies we don’t have enough! From here we encourage people to start using the public transport or going to work, college, university… by foot or either begin sharing cars.
However, without the agreement of countries such as EEUU or Canada, which are two of the most contaminating countries (they represent more or less 25% of the world’s pollution), start reducing the gas emissions at great scale is barely impossible. Until these two countries sign the Protocol the world won’t make a big step on this fight. Besides, Canada has renounced Kyoto Protocol and USA has signed it but with no commitment on acting for THE COMMON GOOD. Continue reading